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The Difference Between Being Smart, Educated, and Intelligent

I always been intrigued by the subject of intelligence. As a child my mother would refer to me as "smart, inches but I quickly noticed that all parents refer to their children as smart. In time I would discover that all kids are not smart, just as all babies are not cute. If that were the case, we'd have a world full of beautiful, clever people - which we don't.

Some of us are smart; but not as smart as we think, and others are smart than they seem, which makes me wonder, how do we define smart? What makes one person smarter than another? As soon as do "street smarts" matter more than "book smarts"? Can you be both smart and stupid? Is being smart much more of a direct influence of genetics, or one's environment?

Then there are the issues of education, intelligence and perception.

What does it mean to be highly educated? What's the difference between being highly educated and highly smart? Does being highly educated automatically make you highly intelligent? Can one be highly intelligent without being highly educated? Complete IQs really mean anything? What makes a person wise? Why is wisdom typically associated with old age?

My desire to seek solutions to these questions inspired many hours of intense research which included the reading of 6 books, hundreds of explore documents, and countless hours on the Internet; which pales in comparison to the lifetime of studies and research that pioneers in the farms of intelligence and education like Howard Gardner, Richard Sternberg, Linda S. Gottfredson, Thomas Sowell, Alfie Kohn, and Diane F. Halpern whose work is cited in this article.

My goal was simple: Amass, synthesize, and also present data on what it means to be smart, educated and intelligent so that it can be understood and used by anyone with regard to benefit.


With this in mind, there was not a better (or more appropriate) place to start than at the very beginning of our presence: as a fetus in the womb.

There is mounting evidence that the consumption of food that's high in iron both before plus during pregnancy is critical to building the prenatal brain. Researchers have found a strong association between low iron grades during pregnancy and diminished IQ. Foods rich in iron include lima beans, kidney beans, pinto beans, spinach, asparagus, broccoli, seafoods, nuts, dried fruits, oatmeal, and fortified cereals.

Children with low iron status around utero (in the uterus) scored lower on every test and had significantly lower language ability, fine-motor abilities, and tractability than children with higher prenatal iron levels. In essence, proper prenatal care is critical to the progress of cognitive skills.


Cognitive skills are the basic mental abilities we use to think, study, as well as learn. They include a wide variety of mental processes used to analyze sounds and images, recall information from memory, generate associations between different pieces of information, and maintain concentration on particular tasks. They can be individually identified and measured. Cognitive skill level strength and efficiency correlates directly with students' ease of learning.


Drinking even though pregnant is not smart. In fact , it's downright stupid.

A study in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research has identified that even light to moderate drinking - especially during the second trimester - is associated with lower IQs in offspring at 10 years of age. This result was especially pronounced among African-American rather than Caucasian offspring.

"IQ is a measure of the child's ability to learn and to survive in his or her environment. It predicts the potential for financial success in school and in everyday life. Although a small but significant percentage of children are diagnosed with Fetal Drinking Syndrome (FAS) each year, many more children are exposed to alcohol during pregnancy who do not meet criteria for FAS nevertheless experience deficits in growth and cognitive function, " said Jennifer A. Willford, assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Paul D. Connor, clinical director of the Fetal Alcohol and Drug Unit and assistant professor in the department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the University of Houston has this to say about the subject:

"There are a number of domains of cognitive functioning that can be impaired even when confronted with a relatively normal IQ, including academic achievement (especially arithmetic), adaptive functioning, and executive functions (the ability to issue solve and learn from experiences). Deficits in intellectual, achievement, adaptive, and executive functioning could make it difficult so that you can appropriately manage finances, function independently without assistance, and understand the consequences of - or react appropriately to be able to - mistakes. "

This is a key finding which speaks directly to the (psychological) definition of intelligence which is attended to later in this article.


Studies have shown that the frequent exposure of the human fetus to ultrasound waves is usually associated with a decrease in newborn body weight, an increase in the frequency of left-handedness, and delayed speech.

Because ultrasound energy can be a high-frequency mechanical vibration, researchers hypothesized that it might influence the migration of neurons in a developing fetus. Neurons in mammals multiply early in fetal development and then migrate to their final destinations. Any interference or interruption in the process could result in abnormal brain function.

Commercial companies (which do ultrasounds for "keepsake" purposes) are now creating better ultrasound machines capable of providing popular 3D and 4D images. The procedure, however , lasts longer as they try to create 30-minute videos of the fetus in the uterus.

The main stream magazine New Scientist reported the following: Ultrasound scans may well stop cells from dividing and make them commit suicide. Routine scans, which have let doctors peek at fetuses and internal organs for the past 40 years, affect the normal cell cycle.

On the FDA website this information is released about ultrasounds:

While ultrasound has been around for many years, expectant women and their families need to know that the long-term effects of recurrent ultrasound exposures on the fetus are not fully known. In light of all that remains unknown, having a prenatal ultrasound for nonmedical reasons is not a good idea.


Now that you are aware of some of the referred to factors which determine, improve, and impact the intellectual development of a fetus, it's time for conception. When that baby is born, which will be more crucial in the development of its intellect: nature (genetics) or nurture (the environment)? visit here BSTC Admit Card 2020

Apparently for centuries, scientists and psychologists have gone back and forth on this. I read many comprehensive studies together with reports on this subject during the research phase of this article, and I believe that it's time to put this debate that will rest. Both nature and nurture are equally as important and must be fully observed in the intellectual development off children. This shouldn't be an either/or proposition.

A recent study shows that early intervention in the home and in the classroom tend to make a big difference for a child born into extreme poverty, according to Eric Turkheimer, a psychologist at the University of Va in Charlottesville. The study concludes that while genetic makeup explains most of the differences in IQ for children inside wealthier families, environment - and not genes - makes a bigger difference for minority children in low-income buildings.

Home Education in the UK - A Useful Guide For Other Countries

Learning is no longer considered a privilege. In most jurisdictions, 'education' is considered as an indispensable part of a child's rights.

Within the uk, education has always commanded a high priority in the society. The government, in turn, has always adopted a liberal knowledge policy, as highlighted from the laws of the land. That's why the concept of Home Education (HE) has always been an integral part of society within the uk.

Why Home Education?

Due to a multicultural and plural society as prevalent in the UK, the reasons for parents to decide on Home Education may vary. Some of the common factors influencing parents' decisions regarding the educational needs of their children include:

-- Religious, philosophical, or spiritual compulsions - Unsatisfactory school system - Lack of suitable schools in the locality - To meet the specific and/or special needs of some children, like those suffering from diseases such as Cerebral Palsy, autism etc . - Failure of child and school management to effectively tackle certain conditions in school, enjoy bullying, corporal punishment etc . - Financial reasons etc .

Recently, the Parental Responsibility has emerged as one of the serious reasons for Home-Educating children in the UK. More and more parents are trying to learn the art of true parenthood and are relishing the excess responsibility of being (actually) responsible for the growth of the thought process in the child.

Whatever may be the compelling circumstances, Home Schooling is here to stay, and is being increasingly preferred in the UK. An estimated 100, 000 children between the ages of 5 together with 16 are being given Home Education by their parents in the United Kingdom, and the figure is likely to increase in the coming a long time.

Benefits of Home Education

Home Education (tutorial-based teaching) has several advantages over classroom education (instructions-based teaching). These include:

1 . The child tends to receive individualistic and far more attention at home than at school. 2 . Comfortable property environment in the company of parents gives the child an ideal environment to learn. 3. The absence of awe-inspiring teachers means quick responses from the child to assess his/her learning capabilities. 4. The Child can learn at their own pace, and stick to their own curriculum and interests. 5. Enhanced self-motivation and self-discipline in the child. 6. Instilment of parental principles instead of peer values in the child. 7. Cultivation of courage to arrive at independent decisions. 8. Avoid property competition in search of better grades from the peers and fellow students. 9. Special children need special attention that will only be provided under home conditions. 10. Above all, as a parental responsibility of teaching your child, nothing is even more beneficial and satisfactory than to take complete responsibility of your child's education.

Shortcomings of Home Education

One also have to consider some disadvantages of Home Education before deciding the academic future of the child. Some of these include:

one nondevelopment of social skills due to the absence of interaction with peers and teachers. 2 . Special expertise and abilities required to teach may be lacking in the parents. Moreover, they might not be abreast of the latest technologies and teaching helps that might help the child learn better. 3. Even both the parents combined may not know all the subjects required for adequate education of the child. 4. Parents may ultimately spend a considerable amount of time equipping themselves with the skills to teach the youngster; thus, losing out on the chance to supplement the family income. 5. Laboratories, gyms, and other facilities provided by school authorities definitely isn't accessible from home. 6. A child's progress will not be adequately monitored, especially as they do not have to follow the National Resume or take SATs.

Home Education in UK - Legal Aspect

The UK is divided into different authorized jurisdictions. For instance, there are different sets of laws applicable in England and Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland in europe. However , substantially, all these jurisdictions follow similar legal principles and postulates, with minor variations.

Home Education comes with legal sanction in all three regions in the UK. Section 7 of the Education Act 1996 (England and Wales), Solar panels 30 of Education (Scotland) Act 1980, and Article 45 of Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Get 1986, are the relevant legal provisions that provide the requisite teeth to the concept of Home Education in the UK.

Here is the overview of these legalities as applicable in the UK:

Only 'education' is compulsory under UK laws and not 'schooling. '

Certainly no qualification is prescribed for the parents desirous of giving Home Education to their child.

Parents are at absolute freedom to decide how they want their child to be educated at home.

No compulsion of following the National Curriculum or observing higher education hours.

Parents must ensure that their child receives an efficient full time education, suitable to his/her age, ability and talent, and to any special educational needs the child may have.

Parents are not legally obligated to inform the Local Education Authority (LEA) when they decide to educate their children at home. If the child has never been registered at a State school, or if you happen to move to an area served by another LEA, you are not obliged to notify the LEA, although you may do so if you wish. If you're taking your child out of a state school in England or Wales, the head teacher must remove the child's name in the register and inform the LEA. If your child has special needs and attends a special school, you need choice to deregister.

However , if you are withdrawing your child from a State school in Scotland, the LEA must be informed.

Zero special Government grants are available for Home Education in UK.

No formal tests are required to pass by the child. However , that LEA may ask for information informally at intervals to monitor your child's progress.

There is no prohibition on the Home Degree of a statemented child provided he/she is not attending a special school, in which case you need the consent of the LEA.

Home-Educated children can take GCSEs as private candidates or as students of correspondence courses. However , it is not compulsory to look at GCSEs.

To address the concern for social deprivation of Home-Educated children, in many areas, home educators meet habitually for social, educational, and other activities. Children also attend clubs, classes, sporting and leisure activities in the community. Little ones get to interact with people of all ages as well as their peers.